Draghi’s Day

It is all about the ECB meeting today.   The market was hoping
for more details last month, but Draghi pointed to today. 
The broad
issue is well known.  While growth has been strong, price pressures are
still not, according to the ECB, on a durable path toward its “close but
lower than 2%” target.  The ECB judges that substantial additional stimulus is
needed

It is currently buying 60 bln euros a month in assets, that consist of
mostly sovereign bonds, but includes supras,
corporates, and asset-backed securities.

At the same time, investors seem to accept that under the current self-imposed
rules, which the ECB has modified in the past, there are about 300 bln euros in eligible securities that can be bought
by the Eurosystem next year. 

For the remainder of this year, the ECB is buying 60 bln euro, which is
180 bln euros here in Q4, while the Fed’s balance sheet will decrease by
$30 bln.
  That divergence will continue to widen for the foreseeable
future.  It appears to be a consensus
that the ECB extends its purchases through the first nine months of 2018 at a
pace half the current size.  That would allow the ECB to nearly exhaust its universe of acceptable assets.
  During the first three quarters of 2018, the Fed’s balance sheet is
projected to shrink by $270 bln.  

Many observers are not convinced
that the asset purchases are doing much good, but they recognize that stopping would be potentially destabilizing.
  The other important element, if not of greater
importance, is what the asset purchases say about rising rates.  The ECB has been
clear that like the Fed, it will not raise interest rates until after the asset
purchases are complete.  The longer the asset purchases, the further out
lies the first rate hike.  Last month, the consensus was for a six-month extension.

The ECB will likely seek to maintain as much flexibility as possible. 
It is unlikely to call this tapering as it implies an endpoint, which the central bank does not want to suggest, even
if we all know it is there.  The re-scaling of its operations is to adjust
it regarding the evolving economic and
financial conditions.  Some details about the securities and maybe the
composition of the assets it will buy may come in December.  Consistently,
and as recently as last month, Draghi played down concerns about the scarcity of
assets.  

We suspect the short-term market is inclined to buy euros on as expected
news.
Despite widening interest rate differentials in the dollar’s favor the euro has been trading in a roughly
$1.1720-$1.1880 trading range for more than the past two weeks.  Speculators
in the futures market have a substantial gross and net long position.  The
euro’s gains since Monday’s low (~$1.1725) appears to be some shorts who may have tried picking a top, covering ahead of the
ECB meeting.  

That said, we have not abandoned our expectation that last month’s dollar
recovery marks the end of the slide that began with the defeat of the National
Front in France in late April and concluded in early September.  

A break above $1.1880-$1.1910 would call into question what we think is a medium-term bearish technical pattern. 
Fundamentally, we think that the divergence meme is still the key driver over
the longer term and we argue that the balance sheet and rate divergence have
not peaked.  And more.  The peak is still more than a year
away.  

Many argued against this divergence emphasis.  Didn’t the Bank
of Canada hike rates twice in Q3?  Isn’t that divergence?  We distinguish central banks engaged in a
sustained monetary cycle (Federal Reserve) and central banks that have a small
tweak in policy.  Bank of Canada Governor Poloz’s comments reinforce our
view that Canada is in the latter group.  We would put the BOE, which is
poised to hike rates next week in that same camp.  The Bank of Canada took
policy rates back to where they were before the oil shock.  The Bank of
England may take back the cut delivered after last year referendum.  

There are a few other notable developments today.  First, 
Norway and Sweden’s central banks held policy-making
meetings.  As expected, neither changed
rates.
  The Riksbank showed no signs of exit despite firm prices
and a strong economy.  The Norges Bank is also discussing institutional
restructuring, like splitting off the wealth fund, and there is a
recommendation from a panel established for these purposes to set up a separate
monetary policy committee.  It seems that post-crisis, the work of many
central banks have increased.  Norway may move toward a model more like
the Bank of England.  

Second, a climax of some kind is likely in Spain today. 
Catalonia’s Puigdemont will speak to the regional parliament and may formally
proclaim independence.  There has seemed to be a way out.  Have new
regional elections.  However, this did not seem to forestall Prime
Minister Rajoy’s push to invoke Article 155.  It is before the Senate,
which is expected to vote on it over the next couple of days.  We have
argued that with the businesses, the army, and several opposition parties
siding with Madrid, the threat of secession is low.  The political theater
may continue, but investors are looking
through it.  The Spanish premium over Germany is almost back to where it
was before the (illegal) referendum on Oct 1.  The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is
off 0.5% over the past five sessions, while Spain’s market is off
0.60%.  

Third, also in Europe, Italy’s Senate will vote on electoral reform
today.
  It will likely pass over the objections of some small parties
who might not be represented in the new parliament unless they form a
coalition.  The Five-Star Movement is
opposed
for the same reason.  Also, while the focus is on the ECB,
and the next Fed Chair (which can be announced
anytime), Italy will shortly name a new central bank governor.  Visco’s
term is up and the end of the month.  Although it had seemed that he would
likely be reappointed, it becomes politicized, and he seems to be taking
the fall for legacy issues more than what happened under his watch.  

In the US, weekly initial jobless claims, which fell to new cyclical lows
last week may bounce back when reported today. 
The early call for
next week’s non-farm payroll is over 300k, partly the bounce back from
storms.  The September trade balance and retail inventories will be the
last pieces for economists to mull ahead of tomorrow’s first look at Q4 GDP. 

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