Investors Catch Breath, Markets Consolidate

After a dramatic run since the US election, the capital markets are
consolidating today. 
It is a bit too restrained to such a Turn Around
Tuesday is unfolding.  The euro is struggling to sustain corrective
upticks through $1.08, and after a pullback is, the greenback pushed back above
the JPY108 level like a beach ball held under water.  

In fairness, the selling pressure on US Treasuries, a key driver in the
recent moves, seemed to dissipate yesterday, though the bears made a stand in late-afternoon turnover. 
10-year yield is off six basis points to 2.20%.  It reached 2.30% at its peak yesterday. 
Another market that has born the pressure of the post-US election moves has
been emerging market equities.  The MSCI Emerging Market equity index is snapping a four-day more than 9% drop. 
However, its 0.3% gain off four-month lows is indicative of the thus far
flattish consolidation after big moves. 

Gold is up around 0.4% from a five-month low.  Oil is up nearly
2.2%.  Both have fallen almost 4.5% in the past three sessions.   On
the other hand, the industrial metals, which have rallied strongly, are lower
today, including copper, iron ore, and zinc.  The recent surge in the
Nikkei and Shanghai Composite has also faded with minor losses being reported.   As a small aside,
the Topix did manage to rise 0.2%, led by
the financial sector (~+1.4%) as the three largest banks reported better than
expected earnings (despite the negative interest rates).   While the MSCI
Asia Pacific Index eked out a small gain, the exchanges in Indonesia,
Philippines, South Korea and Taiwan all reported net foreign equity sales
continued today.  

There have been several economic
  The two most interesting developments are that price pressures eased in the UK,
despite sterling’s weakness, and Italy’s Q3 GDP rose faster than Germany’s.

October consumer prices in the UK rose 0.1%.  The market had
looked for a 0.3% increase.  This saw
the year-over-year rate slip to 0.9% from 1.0%.   The core retreated
to 1.2% from 1.5%, matching the low of the year, last seen in May.  
Several MPC member and BOE Governor Carney will be speaking before Parliament
today.   Although the ONS says,
there is little sign that outside of fuel the weaker pound is feeding through
to general prices.  However, the rise in producer input prices (4.6% a
record jump) and output prices (2.1% year-over-year is the largest increase in
almost five years) illustrates why some believe there is pressure building.  

Sterling, which has outperformed recently, as EMU is seen as the next place that populism was taken hold, is underperforming today,
to the consolidative pall
.  Sterling peaked before the
weekend near $1.2675. It slipped briefly below $1.2400 today  A break of
$1.2350, last week’s low would likely
signal that the consolidation is morphing into a correction.  

Italy surprised with 0.3% Q3 expansion.  It follows a flat
Q2.  Germany disappointed with a 0.2% expansion in Q3.  It had
expanded by 0.4% in Q2.   However, Italy’s quarter ended with poor
momentum (industrial output fell 0.8% in September).  Germany, on the
other hand, finished with better momentum. Despite the quarterly volatility,
the fact is that the German economy has expanded at nearly twice the rate of
the Italian economy over the past year (1.7% vs.
0.9%).    Last week, the EC cut its 2017 GDP forecast to 1.5%
from 1.8% estimate issued in May.  

The euro has bounced from about $1.0710 yesterday to $1.0815 today in
  It has straddled the $1.08 level in Europe as if waiting for new directional cues
from North American participants.  The narrative that is being told about the pullback does not mesh
with the shallowness of the price action.  Many observers are pointing to
the high degree, perhaps higher degree than is usual, of uncertainty
surrounding the policies of the Trump Administration, which is still two months
away from taking office and even longer from enacting the measures that have
driven the markets.

There is little to fault with that assessment.  However, it does
not do justice to the shift that has taken place.  The markets are
anticipatory in nature.  They anticipate a reflation policy in the US, but
that is not the only driver.  They also anticipate the populist wave that is driving the Brexit vote and the Trump
victory is going to be expressed in Europe next. 

Fed Presidents Lacker and Kaplan yesterday said it was too early for the
central bank to respond to whatever shift in fiscal policy is forthcoming.
Even before the election, the Fed was
signaling another step in its gradual normalization cycle was drawing
near.  Kaplan and Rosengren speak today,
and their views are known. Vice Chairman Fischer spoke before the weekend, and
he also reiterated the FOMC stance.  Governor Tarullo speaks today as
well.  He may be the most interesting as he is seen as a potential candidate as one of the “dots”
anticipating that no hike this year was appropriate.   

The most important data for the US is the October retail sales report. 
Retail sales account for about 40% of consumption, which in turn is almost 70%
of GDP.  After a strong Q2, consumption was
in Q2.  The GDP component of retail sales excludes autos,
gasoline, building materials and a few other good.  It rose an uninspiring
0.1% in September.  It is expected to rise around 0.4%, which would put
the two-month average in line with the longer-term averages.  Elsewhere, a
surprise on import prices could have implications for tomorrow’s PPI
report.  The Empire State manufacturing survey covers November.  It is expected to improve to -2.5 from -6.8.  It has not been above zero since July. 


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