Investors Find Comfort in Brinkmanship Blinks

Global equity markets are higher, following the stunning recovery in the
US yesterday, where the S&P 500 rallied 76 points or 3% from its lows to it
highs, near where it finished.
  The outside up day is seeing following
through today.  Without China and Hong Kong, which are on holiday, the
MSCI Asia Pacific Index snapped a three-day down draft and closed 0.55%
higher.   The Nikkei led the region with a 1.5% gain, led by real
estate, health care and financials. It posted its highest close since in two

Gains in Europe have been stronger.  The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is
up 1.5% in late morning turnover.  It is led by information technology and
materials (both sectors are up more than 2%).  Real estate is the laggard,
up 0.65%.  While the Asia Pacific Index is well below its 20-day moving
average, the Stoxx 600 is straddling its.  

There is a 60-day period between the announcements and when the US
tariffs will be implemented.  China has not indicated when it will enforce
its tariffs.
  This is understood to allow room to negotiate here in
Q2. Also, this is seen as compatible with the Trump Administration’s bold
rhetoric and climb down in practice.  Consider the recent flip on
NAFTA–from threatening to leave it to seek an agreement in principle next
week.  As part of the effort, the US appears to have softened its demands
on the controversial domestic content requirement for autos (presently 62.5%,
and the US had sought 85%).  

From camps that have been critical of China, about its holdings of US
Treasuries, large debt accumulated since 2008, currency practices, etc., bellicose
language is still fanning the flames.
  This war camp worries that one-way
China could retaliate is to allow its currency to depreciate.  Sure, it
could, but over the last few months there is only one major country that stood
accused of talking its currency down.  In fact, it was so disturbing that
it raised addressed at ECB press conference, and was subsequently, walked back
by the US President and the Treasury Secretary.  

The war camp that is playing up the possibility that China sells its
Treasuries in displeasure also complains when China buys US Treasuries. 

We can also test the hypothesis of what happens when China has sold US
Treasuries in the recent past.  From June 2016 through November 2016,
China’s Treasury holdings, according to US data fell by $200 bln, which was 15%
of their holdings.  What happened to the US 10-year yield (as a rough and
ready metric of the impact), you ask?  It was virtually

The Chinese yuan has appreciated 3.2% against the US dollar this
As we have noted, the US Treasury’s report on the international
economy and foreign exchange is expected this month.  China’s behavior in
the foreign exchange market has not changed.  It is slowly rebuilding its
reserves that were previously run down by 25%.  Capital controls appear to
have arrested some of the outflows. China is expected to report March reserves
figures in the coming days.  They are expected to have risen by about $14

Outside of the focus on the trade and the bounce in global equities,
Europe’s service and composite PMIs were the data highlight. 
eurozone service PMI was revised to 54.9 from the 55.0 flash reading, which
itself was down from 56.2 in February and 58.0 in January.   The
composite was also revised lower, to 55.2 from 55.3.  It peaked in January
at 58.8 and fell to 57.1 in February.  While the loss of momentum is
significant, the impact on GDP may be more measured.  Consider that the Q4
17 average was 56.4 and the Q1 18 average is 56.7.  We think that the if
the loss of momentum spills over in the start of Q2, for which some data will
be available in the coming weeks, then investors may be more sensitive to
it.   It could help determine in which direction the euro breaks out
of its range. 

The loss of momentum is especially evident in Germany.  It
service PMI was revised down from the flash reading as was the composite (55.1
from 55.4 flash and 57.6 in February).   It also reported disappointing
factory orders. Some recovery was expected after the 3.9% drop in January. 
The bounce was not even halfhearted.  Rather than rise 1.5%, as the median
forecast from the Bloomberg survey, Germany reported a 0.3% increase. And this
was only marginally less disappointing because the January decline was revised
to a 3.5% decline.  

The UK also disappointed.  Start with new car
registrations.  They fell 15.7% in March, and have not grown on a year
over year basis since last March.  The average pace last year was a 7%
decline. It services PMI fell to 51.7 from 54.5, well below expectations.
  The composite similarly fell to 52.5 from 54.5.  Unlike the EMU,
the UK’s composite average in Q1 18 (53.5) is below the composite average for
Q4 17 (55.2).  

There are several maturing options that may be in play.  One is
a 755 mln euro options struck at $1.2300 and another 518 mln euros struck at
$1.2325.  Between JPY106.90 and JPY1017.15 there are nearly $1.7 bln in
option that will be cut today.  

The dollar has been largely confined to yesterday’s ranges against the
euro and sterling and both are little changed.
  The dollar has firmed
against the yen and reached JPY107.15, a four-week high.  In addition, the
option expirations, the intraday technical indicators warn of the risk that the
dollar may pullback in early North American turnover.  That said, a move
above JPY107.30 could signal a break of a head and shoulders bottom that would
project toward JPY110. The Australian dollar is the weakest of the majors,
though, down twice what the yen is (0.40% vs 0.20%), and that is after it made
new seven-session highs near $0.7730.  Yesterday’s lows seem to be the
proximate target and it was found near $0.7665.  

Canada and the US report February trade figures.  Both countries
will report deficits, and are expected to be larger sequentially.  The US
Challenger Job Cuts and the weekly initial jobless claims are the last reports
ahead of tomorrow’s non-farm payroll report.  The strength of the ADP
report underscores our focus on the other details of the employment report,
especially hourly earnings and the participation rate.    


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