Rising Yields Continue to be the Main Driver

The euro remains pinned near the seven-month low it recorded two days ago
near $1.0850.
  It approached $1.0950 yesterday and has been confined to about a 15-tick range on
either side of $1.0905 today.  Against the yen, the dollar remains near
the three-month high (~JPY104.85) also seen two days ago.  New dollar
buying emerged yesterday near JPY104.  

The driving force is the continued climb in interest rates.  The
US 10-year yield pushing through 1.80% and is at its highest level since early
June.  It has moved above its 200-day moving average (~1.72%) recently for
the first time since the very start of the year.   

The rise in yields is not just a US phenomenon.  The 10-year
German bund yield closed above its 200-day moving average (8 bp) 
yesterday, for the first time this year
and the 10-year yield is up another handful of basis points.  The 0.14%
yield is the highest in four months.  Today may be the first day since
early-January that the yield on the UK’s 10-year gilt will close above its
200-day moving average (1.16%).  The 10-year JGB yield has been flirting
with its 200-day moving average (-6.5 bp) since early-September.  Yields
are broadly steady between minus 10 bp and zero.  

Despite the backing up of rates, the market remains convinced that the
ECB will extend its asset purchases. 
Most of the increased price
pressures in the eurozone likely reflect
the recovery in oil prices.  The flattish core rate below 1% reflects
this.  In addition, the recovery in
lending seems to stall at a subdued
pace.  Lending to non-financial companies grew 1.9% year-over-year in
September, unchanged from August.  Similarly,
lending to households remained stuck at 1.8%.  M3 growth itself slowed to
5.0% from 5.1%

While the ECB is widely expected to announce
its changes at the December meeting, the BOJ’s Kuroda all but said not to
expect from action next week.
  Kuroda indicated that it might not need to buy JPY80 trillion a year to
keep the 10-year bond yield near the zero target.  Separately, local press
reports continue to play up the likelihood that the BOJ pushes out again when
its inflation target will be reached at
FY2018.  It seems rather than a date-specific guidance, the BOJ (and
investors) would be better served by keeping it vague like the US “medium
term”  or the UK’s rolling two-year framework.  The ECB talks
about achieving its target as quickly as possible.  The BOJ keeps finding
itself in a position where to maintain its credibility it is stretching it

The widespread criticism that the easy monetary policy and negative
interest rates asphyxiate banks may be a
bit exaggerated.
  At least four large banks reported earnings today
(Deutsche Bank, Barclays, Nomura, and
BBVA) and they all did better than expected.  Deutsche Bank, for
example,  surprised by reporting a profit in Q3.  One thing that they
had in common was that trading profits had been an important contributor. 
The reports, however, were not sufficient to prevent heavier stock

The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off about 0.3% near midday in London, while
the financials are off 0.2%. 
Deutsche Bank shares are off 0.5% at
pixel time and have been alternating
advances and declines since last Thursday.  If the pattern holds, this
will be the fifth week that the beleaguered bank shares have risen. 
Italian bank shares are slightly higher.  They have been moving up only
one exception since October 13.  

The UK reported stronger than expected Q3 GDP.  The preliminary
estimate is that the economy is expanded by 0.5%
Many had expected a 0.3%-0.4% pace after a 0.7% Q2 expansion.  The
strength of services seems to have more than offset the other drags.  Sterling continues to trade in the consolidated
range that has confined prices since the flash crash.  

Sweden and Norway central banks held policy-making
meetings, but both kept policy on hold. 
Sweden’s Riksbank kept
expectations further easing next year very much alive. Norway’s Norges Bank
left rates on hold for the fourth meeting and judged that the economy had
evolved along its expectations.    Norway’s krone is the
strongest of the majors today, with a 0.5% rise against the dollar.  The
Swedish krona is the weakest of the majors today,
and it has fallen about 0.5%.  

The dollar-bloc currencies are under pressure are poor price action in
North America yesterday. 
The US dollar closed at new session highs
against the Canadian dollar.  The US dollar is near seven-month highs
against the Loonie.  The Australian dollar was
again turned
back from the $0.7700 area.  It appears to be in one
cent on either side of $0.7600.  Initial support now just below there at

The US reports September durable goods orders, but the focus is on
tomorrow’s first look at Q3 GDP.
  Weekly initial jobless claims may
get a passing look, but next week is the national report, and a modest slowing of jobs growth is anticipated.  An increase in pending home sales, which
would be only the second improvement since April,
bodes well for later in Q4 and early Q1
17. Lastly, the KC Fed manufacturing
activity index jumped to 6 in September from -4 in August.  It was the
second increase since February 2015.  A pullback but a still positive
reading is expected in


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