Sigh of Relief Weighs on Yen and Gold, while Lifting Equities and the Dollar

The lack of new antagonisms over the weekend between the US and North
Korea has prompted the markets to react accordingly.
  Already before
the weekend, we detected some signs that at least some market participants had
begun looking past the dramatic rhetoric.  

The relief rally spread today.  The MSCI Asia Pacific Index,
excluding Japan rally 0.8% to snap a three-day fall.  Korea’s Kospi rose
0.6%, ending its three-day nearly 3.3% slide.  Backing the regional
recovery, Japanese markets, returning from a long holiday weekend, fell. 
The 1.1% drop in the Topix was the largest decline since May and extends the losing streak to the fourth
consecutive sessions and six of the past seven–no safe haven here.  

At the same time, the gap lower opening in Tokyo was still a bit
surprising given the strength of Q2 GDP. 
The 4.0% annualized
expansion easily beat estimates for a 2.5% gain and 1.5% in Q1.  Private
consumption rose 0.9%, nearly twice what was
.  Business spending was also twice as strong as expected,
rising 2.4%.  Net exports shaved 0.3%.  Public investment gained 5.1%
in Q2.  The one troublesome element was the minus 0.4% GDP

The 1% quarterly expansion for Japan puts it atop the G7. 
Senior BOJ officials had intimated if the global economy recovery spilled over and lifted the Japanese economy then
officials might consider increasing the 10-year yield target, which is now +/-
10 bp around zero.  We suspect that it will take a further rise in other
benchmark yields, including US Treasuries to prompt such a discussion.  

After dipping below JPY109 before the weekend, the greenback rallied to
JPY109.80 steadily through the European morning.
  There is a large
(~$1.2 bln) option struck at JPY110.  The euro has approached the
JPY129.70 area, which is a retracement objective of the decline since JPY131.40 was seen
on August 2.

European shares are also higher.  The 0.8% gain is the first rise in
four sessions.
  It is being led by
financials and real estate
,  German and Italian markets are leading
the way.  Core 10-year bond yields are up around four basis points while
the periphery is little changed.  The US 10-year yield is up nearly three
basis points to 2.22%.  

Gold is declining (0.55%) after rallying the past four sessions for
  MSCI Emerging Market equities are
up 0.8%, and many of the freely traded
emerging market currencies are higher, including the South African rand (~1.0%), Mexican peso (~0.25%), and Turkish
lira (~0.2%).  Central European currencies are off against the dollar,
which seems to be largely reflecting the euro’s heavier tone.  

The euro advanced for the past three sessions and was trying to extend it
into a fourth session but was turned back in the European morning, as the
greenback found somewhat better traction.  A consolidative tone appears to
be emerging. 
Initial support today is seen near $1.0780.  There
is a 1.2 bln euro option struck at $1.1750 that will be cut today.  The 20-day moving average, which the euro has
not closed below since late June is near $1.1735 today.  The aggregate
industrial output figures for June (-0.6% and +2.6% year-over-year) were
largely in line with expectations after the softer national reports in recent

China reported a series of disappointing data, and the yuan declined for
the second consecutive session.
  The two-day slippage of 0.3% is the
most since nearly seven months.  Against its basket (CFETS) it fell
(~0.2%) for the first time in more than two weeks.  Industrial output
slowed to 6.4% in July from 7.6% in June.  Fixed investment in urban areas
rose 8.3% through July, down from an 8.6% pace.  Retail sales slowed to a
still heady 10.4% pace from 11.0% in June.  

Separately, China indicated that sanctions against North Korea, agreed at
the UN, will be implemented as of tomorrow. 
These entail embargoes on
North Korean coal, iron ore, iron, and seafood.    Roughly a
third of North Korea’s (~$3 bln) are thought to be impacted by the newest

Meanwhile, the Trump Administration is expected to announce a new trade
investigation into Chinese practices as early as today. 
This time
intellectual property rights may come under scrutiny.  The US has opened
several investigations into Chinese trade practices.  Thus far action has
been minimal, though note that some increase in countervailing duties is
possible prior to a final decision. 
President Trump has seemed to link his trade stance with China’s cooperation
with North Korea.  Yet it appears
that for Chinese officials, Korea is one several strategic flash points with
the new US administration, with claims on the South China Sea, arms sales to Taiwan, and the proliferation of
US anti-missile defense systems in Asia.  

This is a busy week for US economic
data, with retail sales, industrial output and the FOMC minutes being the
However, it begins slowly with a light calendar today. 
The week begins off slowly in Canada as well.  The highlight is the July
CPI at the end of the week.


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