The Most the Dollar Can Hope for on Turn Around Tuesday is Consolidation

After taking a step lower in the North American session yesterday, the
dollar is consolidating today. 
The euro is holding above $1.18, and the dollar
held JPY110.00.  Global equities are mostly higher, while bonds are
mixed.  Asia-Pacific yields were mostly higher, while European rates are a
little lower.  The US 10-year yield is flat just below 2.30%.  

The monthly cycle of high frequency data begins with the PMI data. 
The Caixin manufacturing PMI for China unexpectedly rebounded to 51.1 from 50.4
in June.  Recall that on Monday, the official manufacturing PMI slipped to
51.4 from 51.7.  There is no big takeaway.  China’s economy was
stronger than expected in H1 and many expect a modest slowing in H2.  A
combination of capital controls and a weaker US dollar has allowed China to
rebuild reserves in recent months.  Reserves are expected to have risen in
July for the sixth consecutive month.  The reserve data are expected next week.

 The EMU’s manufacturing PMI slipped to 56.6 from the flash reading
of 56.8, showing a somewhat larger pullback from June’s 57.4.
  It is
the first decline since last August.  It puts it at its lowest level since
March.  It is warning that the economy may be stabilizing after it was reported earlier today that the region
expanded by 0.6% in Q2, lifting the year-over-year rate to 2.1% from
1.9%.  Growth in Q1 was revised lower to 0.5% from 0.6%.   
Of note, especially when thinking about the ECB’s deliberations, the manufacturing
PMI found the lowest input prices in nine months, and the lowest prices paid
since the start of the year. 

In terms of national reports, the
flash manufacturing PMI for Germany and France were
revised
lower.
  France stands at 54.9 down from 55.4 flash, but slightly above June’s 54.8. 
The high so far was set in April at 55.1.   Germany’s manufacturing PMI
slipped to 58.1 from 58.3 flash estimate and its possible cyclical peak last
month at 59.6.   Italy’s manufacturing PMI slipped to 55.1 from 55.2,
which is slightly better than the median forecast of the Bloomberg poll.
   Spain’s manufacturing PMI eased for the second consecutive
month.  The 54.0 reading is the lowest since March’s 53.9, which is also
the lowest of the year.  

The UK offered a pleasant surprise,
and it has helped underpin sterling and UK rates.
  The manufacturing
PMI unexpectedly ticked up to 55.1 from a revised 54.2 (was 54.3) in
June.  It snaps a two-month
decline.  Exports were particularly strong and appeared to be the second highest reading since 1992 when the surveys began.  On the other
hand, sterling’s past decline appears to
be dropping out some price measures, as input prices were at their lowest in over a year.  

The Bank of England meets on Thursday.  While no one expects a
hike, there is some debate over the guidance to be given in the Quarterly
Inflation Report.  We suggested that this provides room to
negotiate.  Haldane is seen as a
swing vote whether it is a 6-2
or 5-3 vote.   Keeping Haldane with the majority may require more hawkish
rhetoric.  

The RBA did meet earlier, and as widely anticipated, the cash rate was
not touched (1.5%).  New forecasts will be
published
at the end of the week. 
The focus was on Governor
Lowe’s comments about the currency.  He warned that a continued rise in
the Australian dollar would depress prices and limit growth and
employment.   The Australian dollar has appreciated nearly 11%
against the dollar this year, though, on
a trade-weighted basis, it has appreciated less than half as much.  
The Aussie is consolidating its surge around the middle of July that carried it
to about $0.8065 last week.  It is struggling to hold above $0.8000.

Oil prices are slightly firmer.  The API industry estimate of US
inventories will be released later today.   Kpler, the shipping tracker, was cited on Bloomberg, reporting that
OPEC oil exports rose 388k barrels a day last month and are now 575k barrels a
day above levels that prevailed last October.  Most of the increase was accounted for by Libya and Nigeria. 
UAE oil exports also increased.  According to the report, Saudi exports
fell by 45k barrels a day to 7.15 mln
The September light sweet oil futures contract closed above $50 yesterday for
the first time since the end of May.  

The US has a busy calendar today.  Since Q2 GDP was reported last week, the June personal
income and expenditure data will be of passing interest.  Of note, the
core PCE deflator is expected to snap a four-month decline and be flat at 1.4%
in June.  The year-over-year comparisons will be somewhat easier in Q3, and the core PCE deflator may recover
somewhat, though remaining below the 2%
target.  The July manufacturing PMI and ISM will draw attention, with the
price and employment components of particular interesting.  US auto sales
will trickle out, and after a two-month
decline, they are expected to recover (~16.8 mln seasonal adjusted annual rate), and this will be an encouraging start of
Q3.  

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