What to Watch in the Week Ahead

<br /> What to Watch in the Week Ahead – Marc to Market<br />


Many observers misunderstood US President Trump’s “American
First” rhetoric. 
 Trump’s earlier writings show that
this is not a reference to the 1940s effort to keep the US out of WWII, with
its isolationist tint.  
Rather, Trump’s use goes
back to the original use by President Harding in the 1920s. 
 It was a rejection of the Wilsonian multilateralism
(e.g. League of Nations) and a robust defense of unilateralism.   That
unilateralism was clearly on display in the missile strike on Syria.  
Yet the fear of US disengagement was so acute,
that many US allies welcomed the unilateralism. 
 It may be less undesirable than isolationism, but
unilateralism risks weakening the international rule of law, and sets dangerous
precedents, as Putin demonstrates.  
Many investors and foreign
policymakers are trying to tease out underlying principles of the Trump
is the underlying narrative?  If there is one, it appears to be a crude
realist view that the international arena is where states compete in the
pursuit of national self-interest, at the heart of which is a short-run commercial success.  
It is not so much that Trump
was duplicitous in refusing to cite China as a currency manipulator or in the
missile strike on Syria, for which, after pushing the birth certificate claims,
was among his most repeated criticism of Obama.
US national interests are contingent, and
as his perceptions of them change, Trump’s positions change.  NATO was
obsolete a few weeks ago.  Now it isn’t.  Russia’s support for Syria
has not changed.  Trump’s perceptions of it did.  China’s behavior in the foreign exchange markets has
not changed in the past 12-18 months, but Trump’s view of it changed as North
Korea become more intransigent.  Trump explicitly linked the possibility of China’s efforts on North Korea with the decision not to cite it as a currency manipulator, which unnecessarily further politcizes the integrity of the exercise.  
Neither the missile strike
on Syria nor the dropping of the largest non-nuclear bomb on Afghanistan appears to have changed the
essential conditions on the ground.
  Nor are they perceived to be the
start of an escalated military campaign.  Geopolitical tensions may ease
in the coming days if this assessment is borne out.  If one believes that
both conflicts will require a political solution, the US attacks may be more
important for their signaling rather than the punishment delivered.
The anniversary of the
birthday of the founder of North Korea passed without much incident, though early Sunday, a ballistic missile launch apparently failed after a few seconds.  
China reportedly is putting more
pressure on its ally to give up its
nuclear capability.  A preemptive strike by the US does not seem
particularly likely, but if North Korea were to conduct another nuclear test,
some military response by Trump cannot be
ruled out.  
In the geopolitical dance of
early 21st century between the US, Russia, and China, each wants to have a
 Under the last few years of Obama,
Russia and China seemed to be the couple, and the US the odd-man out.
 Trump seemed to want to cut in and dance with Russia.  As we noted,
Syria changed this, and some suspect the investigations of the Trump campaign
to Russia, may have encouraged the quick abandonment of the initial strategy.
The US and China seemed to
be better paired, though Tinder may not think so.
  Under the US leadership, NATO rolled
east since the end of the Cold War.  China’s One Belt One Road initiative
integrates the soft underbelly of the former Soviet Union into its sphere.
  From a strictly commercial standpoint,
China is significantly more important than Russia.  A dance with Russia steps on Europe’s toes,
where Russian forces continue to harass nations on its borders.
A relaxation of tensions, which
may be nothing more than not repeating or escalating recent developments could
help the capital markets stabilize. 
 However, another source of political
risk may intensify in the days ahead.  The first round of the French
presidential election is April 23.  Anxiety has been running high as the
recent polls suggest that any two of the top four candidates could move into
the second round, given the margin of error.  
The recent movement was the
rise of Melenchon, a candidate from the left-wing of the Socialist Party. 
 Given the two-round nature of the French elections,
voters can express their principles in the first round and become more
pragmatic in the second.  Polls suggest Melenchon would beat Le Pen in the
second round, but would also be destabilizing.  Even after the
presidential election, political risk is unlikely to be alleviated.  Parliament elections will be held in June.  Only Fillon has a bloc in parliament.  Macron and
Melenchon would likely reach out to the Socialist, from where they come. Le
Pen’s National Front also does not have parliamentary representation.  
Outside of politics capital
flows may be changing.  In the week that ended April 7, Japanese investors
sold nearly JPY2.18 trillion of foreign bonds.
is the most in a year.  In that one week, Japanese investors sold almost
as much as they sold in the first three months of the year (~JPY2.65 trillion).
 Consider that in the first 14 weeks of
2017, Japanese investors sold an average of JPY344 bln of foreign bonds
a week.  In the 14 weeks before the US election, they bought an average of
JPY327 bln a week.   The end of the fiscal year may be behind latest
repatriation.  We will be watching the weekly MOF data to see if the
strong yen (though low international yields, including Treasuries, induce new
The US 10-year premium fell
to 220 bp last week, the lowest in four months. 
 It was near 175 bp a year ago and fell below 160 bp last August and September before rallying
to 254 bp a couple of days before the Fed
hiked rates last month.  We suspect the US premium has bottomed or nearly
so, which may help underpin the dollar against the yen.  
Chinese capital flows have
also changed.
  Capital controls, perhaps the
decline in US rates, which has eased some pressure on the yuan may be stemming
the capital outflows.   Reserves edged higher in February and March.
 It seems more a case of stabilization than a return of funds to China. China’s economy appears to have
stabilized too, and Q1 17 GDP is expected
to be little changed from the 6.8% pace
reported in Q4 16 and the average pace since the middle of 2015.  
In terms of US politics, there are two things to
 First, there is much speculator that
special presidential strategist Bannon may leave the Trump Administration amid
a mini-shuffle seen likely around the 100-day in office threshold, which is
late this month.  It would be seen
as part of the shift in the Administration away from Russia, and part of the
ascendancy of the other more liberal globalist wing, represented by people like
Cohen and Mnuchin.  
Second, there is an election
for Price’s seat in Georgia, who is the new Secretary of Housing and Human
 Although Price won his seat handily,
Trump barely beat Clinton in the congressional district.  It is an open
primary pitting several Republicans against each other and the Democrat Ossoff.
 If no one gets 50% of the vote, like in France, there will be a run-off
(June 20).  It is seen as an early referendum on Trump’s presidency.
The Treasury Department’s
semiannual report on the foreign exchange market was released on Good Friday. 
 Trump had already stolen the thunder
by revealing in the WSJ interview that China would not be cited.  The report reads like the previous report under
Treasury Secretary Lew, and the six countries that posed a challenge then were
cited again:  China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Germany, and Switzerland.  
Note that Japan and China
have both agreed to conduct trade talks with the US, which would have been one
of the consequences of being cited as a manipulator.  
Japan’s Prime Minister Abe will meet US
Commerce Secretary Ross on April 18.  Ross is reportedly working on a
comprehensive review of US trade, with attention to currency misalignments
(different thrust than manipulation, though perhaps still susceptible to
pressure for remedial action). 

At the time of this writing the outcome of the referendum in Turkey is not known. The referendum seeks to concentrate more power in Erdogan. Polls suggest it may be a close vote.  If the referendum is successful, Erdogan would have few constitutional checks on his authority.  The impact will be largely localized, but it will further strain its relationship with the rest of Europe. 
Economic data over the
course of the week ahead is not particularly significant and are unlikely to
alter base case views of the different economies. 
 Survey data has been running ahead of actual
performance in the US and Europe.  That means that some softening in the
April Empire State and Philly Fed surveys are likely to have little impact.
 That same generalization may also apply to the flash eurozone PMI at the end of the week.   No
one expects the Fed to hike rates in May, and this makes the Beige Book somewhat
less interesting.  
US utility and extractive
sector (oil) may have helped lift industrial output, but the manufacturing
component looks set to soften, with some negative impulses possibly coming from
the auto sector. 
One of the factors discouraging new
capital expenditures and weighing productivity is that US industry is only
using a little more than three-quarters of its capacity.   
The UK reports March retail
sales at the end of the week. 
 After the outsized rise in February
(1.3% excluding petrol), a pullback is expected.
 The BRC already reported some dismal figures.  Slower wage growth
and higher inflation sap the purchasing
power of UK households.  
There are strong seasonal
influences on Japan’s trade flows.  
The March trade balance often but not always improves over
February, which always improves from January.  The consensus expects some
deterioration this time.  Exports are
expected to slow, while imports rise.  The trade deficit in
January-February was about a third smaller than the similar year ago period.
Australia reports the
minutes from the recent central bank meeting. 
 A few days before the meeting,
regulators tightened rules on mortgage lending.  The housing market had
been a concern of RBA officials.  The central bank seems content to bide
its time and update its forecasts next month. With the Bank of Canada on hold,
the March CPI report is unlikely to have a lasting
impact.  The headline pace may is expected to slow, but the new common
core is expected to be steady at 1.3%.  
Our technical work warns
that the rally in gold, oil, yen and US Treasuries are getting stretched.
  We want to be particularly attentive
to price action reversals that would turn the technical indicators lower.
 Major equity markets look vulnerable.  The S&P 500 ended last
week with a three-day slide and the lowest close in two months.  The Nikkei closed last week at four-month lows.
 The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 recorded its best level last week since December
2015.  European funds have reportedly seen strong inflows, and this leaves
new longs in weak hands, in there is a
deeper pullback, as the technical indicators seem to suggest.  


What to Watch in the Week Ahead
What to Watch in the Week Ahead

Reviewed by Marc Chandler

April 16, 2017

Rating: 5

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