Dollar Comes Back Mostly Firmer, but Focus is Elsewhere

The US dollar correctly lowered
yesterday, but most of the selling was over by the end of the Asian session, and the greenback steadied in Europe
and North America.
  The dollar is firm against the euro and yen but within yesterday’s broad trading
ranges.  The Australian and Canadian dollar’s gains from yesterday are being pared.  

 What had looked like a possible
deeper dollar correction is turning into a consolidative phase that may be
sufficient to alleviate the over-extended technical condition.
Equities are
lower. Of note, the Topix  12-day advance was snapped with a minor loss of
less than 0.1%.   The MSCI Asia-Pacific Index is off 0.25% to snap a
three-day advance.  The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off fractionally to extend
yesterday’s decline.    The MSCI Emerging Market equity index is
lower by 0.25%, after initially building on yesterday’s advance to reach a
two-week high.   The South African rand is the weakest of majors, while
the Chinese yuan, which was fixed higher by the PBOC for the second session, is
the strongest of the emerging market currencies, gaining almost 0.3%.  
European bonds firmer, led by a 6 bp decline in Italy’s 10-year yield.
 French bonds are also outperforming German bunds, narrowing the premium
from a two-year peak.  The US 10-year yield is firm near 2.33%.  

Sterling is an exception.  It is firmer, following news that
mortgage approvals rose more than expected in October to stand at the highest
since March, while household credit increased GBP1.6 bln. 
Bank of England noted that the effective interest rate on new mortgages fell 11
bp in October to 2.16%, the lowest since at least 2004.  However, even
with the upticks sterling has been
confined to yesterday’s ranges.  

German states have reported preliminary November CPI figures, and national estimate will be reported shortly.  The EU-harmonized measure is expected to rise 0.1%
to lift the year-over-year rate to 0.8%.  It would match the strongest
pace since June 2014.  It finished last year at 0.2%.  France
reported Q3 GDP rose 0.2%, in line with Q2.  However, Q4 began on a firmer
note, with October consumer spending jumping 0.9%, threefold more than the
Bloomberg median, tainted a little by the downward revision to the September series to -0.4% from -0.2%.   

Sweden also reported Q3 GDP.  The 0.5% expansion matched
expectations, though the year-over-year rate slowed to 2.8% from a revised
3.6%.  Exports rose 1.3%, and domestic consumption rose 0.4%.  Investment was flat.  A surge of refugees
last year helped boost spending, while the Riksbank is pursuing aggressive,
unorthodox monetary policy.  

Japan reported strong employment and consumption figures, suggest Q4 is
also off to a firm start. 
Although the unemployment rate remained
unchanged at 3.0%, the details were encouraging.  The job-to-applicant
ratio ticked up 1.40, which is a new high
since 1991.  The number of unemployed slipped below two million for the
first time since February 1995.  Separately, Japan reported that retail
sales jumped 2.5% in October, which lifted the year-over-year rate from -1.9%
in September to -0.1%.   Overall household spending improved from -2.1% in
September from a year ago to -0.4% in October.   This matches the smallest contraction since April.  

However, the markets’ focus is elsewhere.  Investors are finding it
difficult to get a read on OPEC. 
Although a deal may be elusive, as
Russia now says it won’t attend the Wednesday meeting in Vienna, Iran and Saudi
Arabia do not look that far apart.  The latest reports suggest Saudi’s
wanted it to freeze output at a little more than 3.7 mln barrels a day, and the
Iranians wanted 3.975 mln.  A
compromise has been suggested at 3.795
mln barrels.  Iran and Iraq are also
disputing the methodology to determine how the cuts should be distributed.  The front-month Brent contract is off 1.5% near $47.50, while the front-month light sweet contract is off a little more at

The other development drawing
attention today is in South Korea, where the beleaguered President Park Geun-hye has offered to resign apparently in an effort to derail impeachment efforts.
Part of the constitutional challenge of the succession is that Park dismissed
her prime minister and finance ministers earlier this month to stem the
influence-peddling scandal.  The prospect of a resolution helped steady
the Korean won and local stocks.  The Kospi posted the smallest of gains,
while MSCI Asia-Pacific Index snapped a three-day advance.  

On the other hand, news that South African President Zuma managed to fend
off critics within the executive committee of his own party who seek his resignation, coupled with some profit-taking
in the metals has seen the rand give back yesterday’s gains in full. 
rand is the weakest of the emerging market currencies, off a little more than

The concern that was evident yesterday over this weekend’s Italian
referendum appears to have eased.  Italian bonds are the best performing
in Europe today, with 10-year yields off five
bp, and Italian shares are leading the major bourses higher with a 0.75% gain,
helped by a 2% rally in bank shares.
  Yesterday Italian banks shares
were off nearly 4% to extend their downdraft to four sessions and 10 of 11
sessions.  Increasing, it seems, that investors recognize that even if the
referendum loses, as the polls universally point to, does not mean that Italy
leaves the EU or the EMU.  There are many intervening steps.  

The US economic calendar picks up today following yesterday’s news of a
much stronger than expected Dallas manufacturing survey (to 10.2 from -1.5),
which was the strongest in more than two years as oil sector investment is
thought to have bottomed out.
  The US reports its second look at Q3
GDP.  It is expected to tick up to 3% from 2.9% mostly on the back of
stronger consumption.  S&P CoreLogic
will report house prices, and the
Conference Board’s measure of November consumer confidence is expected to jump
from 98.6 in October back above 100.  NY Fed President Dudley talks about the Puerto Rico economy early in the
North American session, while Governor Powell speaks early afternoon.  The
ADP report, October consumption and income figures, and Chicago PMI will be
released tomorrow, and the Beige Book
will be released ahead of the mid-December FOMC meeting. 


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