Markets in Search of Footing

The sell-off in US tech shares dragged the market lower.  The
S&P 500 fell for the sixth session of the past eight and closed below the
200-day moving average for the first time in a couple of years.  The
sell-off in Asia and Europe is more muted.  The MSCI Asia Pacific Index
slipped less than 0.1%.   The Hang Seng, an index of H-shares, and
Korea’s KOSDAQ managed post gains.  European shares are down a bit more
with the Dow Jones Stoxx 500 nearly 1% lower in late morning dealings, with
industrials and information technology providing the largest drags. 
Meanwhile the S&P 500 is trading about 0.3% higher.  

Bonds are finding little comfort from the sell-off in equities.  
The US 10–year yield is up two basis points to 2.75%.  Peripheral
European benchmark yields are also up a couple of basis points while the core
is up a little less.  The 10-year UK Gilt yield is slightly lower at

The dollar is mostly softer, though against the euro and yen, it remains
within yesterday’s ranges.  The dollar-bloc currencies, Scandis and
sterling are outperforming. 
The Mexican peso and Canadian dollars
continue to respond positively to the latest turn in the NAFTA plot.  On
Sunday, President Trump threatened to leave NAFTA talks and was critical of
Mexico’s border controls.  Late yesterday, press report suggested
that Trump was pushing for a preliminary NAFTA agreement to be announced next
week at the regional summit in Peru (April 13-14).  The idea is to get an
agreement in principle and then allow the technical talks to work out the
precise details. 

The eighth round of talks were to begin next week in Washington, but top
Mexican and Canadian officials were reportedly coming to the US this week to
meet US officials.
  Trump’s weekend tweet may have been designed to
exert pressure on the (Mexican) negotiators for additional compromises. 
Of course, it seems like in all three parties interest to reach an agreement
shortly.  The talks were to have ended last year and were extended. 
Many see the Mexican elections in July as an obstacle if talks continue much
longer.  A re-negotiated NAFTA would be seen as a win for Trump–that the
negotiating strategy worked.  

The disruptive impulses emanating from the United States are challenging
for investors and officials.  Some observers are linking the US stock
market slide to a kind of buy the rumor sell the fact type of activity after
following the passage of the tax cuts
.  The new slide in US tech
stocks come as the US President attacks one by name on twitter.  The
Reserve Bank of Australia left rates on hold today, as widely expected, but
linked the increase in equity market volatility to US trade policy, and noted
that the rise in LIBOR, in excess of Fed policy, was impacting

It seems like the standard interpretation for the rise of LIBOR is the
surge in US bill supply following the lifting of the debt ceiling. 
we treat that interpretation as a hypothesis, we may be able to test it in the
coming weeks.  First, with today’s bill auction, US supply is being
reduced.  The three- and six-month bill auctions are each being reduced by
$3 bln, and the four-week bill auction will be cut by $10.  As the tax
deadline draws near (April 15), the Treasury’s cash holdings will rise,
reducing the need for bills.  It is currently near 59 bp.  We have
been persuaded that in addition to the bill auction, tax changes, not only
encouraging repatriation, but also changing the dynamics of intra-firm lending
is also playing an important role.  

Today is also the first day that the Federal Reserve will begin
publishing its alternative to LIBOR. 
It is called the Secured
Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR).  The volume that underpins it regularly
exceeded $700 bln a day compared with $500 mln in three-month

Today’s economic reports have been largely limited to Europe’s
manufacturing PMI. 
The eurozone’s report was in line with the flash
reading of 56.6, but that is down from 58.6 in February.  A spokesperson
for Markit that compiles the surveys seemed to play down the loss of momentum
on expectations of Q1 growth, but did recognize a change was afoot.  The
German and French revisions seemed to offset each other (Germany to 58.2 from
584. flash and 60.6 in February, and France to 53.7 from 53.6 and 55.9 in
February).   Spain slipped to 54.8 from 56 in February, which was slightly
better than expected.  Italy’s fell to 55.1 from 56.8 and was a bit worse
than expected.  

The UK’s manufacturing PMI offered an upside surprise.  It came
it at 55.1.  The median forecast (Bloomberg survey) was for 54.7.  On
the other hand, the February series was revised to 55.0 from 55.2.   The
winter storm seemed not to have had much impact.  Output and employment
rose, but the pipeline is thinning.  New orders rose by the least in nine
months and the backlog fell every month in the quarter.  Markit recognizes
that the UK “manufacturing has entered a softer growth phase.”

It is a light schedule in terms of North American economic data, with
only March US auto sales on tap.
  The Fed’s Kashkari speaks around the
open of the US equity market today, while Brainard speaks after the
close.  The euro and sterling don’t have large maturing options near
current spot levels, but there is a $363 mln option struck at JPY106 that may
be relevant.  There is a A$1.1 bln option struck at $0.7680 that expires
today and is in the thick of things.  There is NZ$497 mln struck at
$0.7250 and another NZ$250 mln struck at $0.7275 that expire today.  



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