Narrowly Mixed Dollar Conceals Resilience

The US dollar is little changed against most of the major currencies. 
The dollar finished yesterday’s North American session on a soft note, but
follow through selling has been limited.  After rallying to near 10-month
high above JPY116 yesterday, the greenback finished on session lows near
JPY115.00.  Initial potential seemed to extend toward JPY114.30, but
dollar buyers reemerged near JPY114.75, and it rose back the middle of the two-day range (~JPY115.40

The Nikkei gapped higher yesterday, and despite the lower opening, the
gap was not entered, and Japanese stocks
The Nikkei closed 0.5% higher, extended its advance to the
sixth consecutive session.  The
Topix gained a little more, and also extended its streak to six sessions. 

China eclipsed Japan in terms of
.  The data suggest the economy is finding better traction. 
November industrial output rose 6.2%.  The median expected no change to
the 6.1% pace seen in both September and October.  It matches the 11-month
average.  Retail sales rose 10.8%, the most since last December.  
The Bloomberg consensus was for a 10.2% increase.  Fixed asset investment
was steady at 8.3%, as expected.  

Chinese shares recovered from early losses.  The Shanghai
Composite fell 1.1% before recovering to eke out less than a 0.1% gain.  
Telecom, consumer staples, and energy led
the way.  Financials were the weakest sector, losing 1.2%.  Some
reports suggested that the PBOc, operating through a couple of major banks, may have intervened to sell US dollars
around CNY6.9, but of course, confirmation remains elusive.    

European economic data featured Italian industrial output, Germany CPI
and ZEW, and UK prices.
  Like France and Germany, Italy’s October
industrial production disappointed.  The median forecast was for a 0.2%
increase after a 0.8% decline in September.  Instead, output was flat,
with the year-over-year pace slipping to 1.3% from a revised 1.9% (from

Although Italian banks bad loan situation and the need to raise capital
is the main focus outside of Italian politics, stronger and sustained growth
could ease many of Italy’s problems.
  Among the banks, Monte Paschi
has been the focus as its tries to raise five
bln euros, including debt for equity
swap.  Today it was Italy’s largest bank, Unicredit who announced plans to
13 bln euros in a rights offering next
year as part of a larger restructuring effort.  Note that amount it wants
to raise is almost as much as the present market value.  In earlier
capital raising exercises in 2008, 2009 and 2012, the bank raised 15.5 bln

Italian bank shares opened lower
after yesterday’s gains were reversed.
However, the FTSE Italia All-Share Banks Index quickly recovered and is up
nearly 2.8% near midday in Italy, putting the index near the three-day
high.  The broader Italian equity market is leading the major bourses higher with a 1.4% gain today. Over the
five-day advance is 4..8%, matching the Nikkei’s advance over the same
period.  The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is up 0.6% today and is up 3.3% over the
past five sessions.   Most sectors are
higher, but energy and materials.

Italy’s 10-year benchmark yield is off nine
bp is leading the decline in European
bond yields today.
  Germany’s is off three basis points, while Spain
is off two.  .Germany’s CPI match the preliminary estimate, leaving the
year-over-year rate at 0.7%.  The ZEW survey showed a rise in the
assessment of the current situation (63.5 from 58.8), while the expectation
component was unchanged at 13.8%.   

The euro was unable to extend yesterday’s recovery that carried it to
about $1.0650
.  It has held above $1.06 so far but looks vulnerable to a push
into the $1.0580 area.  Sterling is the strongest of the majors, up about
0.2% and extended yesterday’s gains.  Last week’s highs are a half a cent
higher at $1.2775.  However, we suspect that additional gains above the
$1.2725 area will require a broader dollar pullback.  

The UK reported CPI readings a little firmer than expected.  The
year-over-year headline rate rose to 1.2%, the highest in two years.  The
core rate rose to 1.4% from 1.2%.  The decline in sterling is adding to
the inflation pressures.  UK import prices rose almost 15% in the year
through November, the quickest pace in five years.  ONS reported that
clothing, motor fuels, and electronic equipment prices rose most.  Output
prices rose 2.3%, which is also a bit quicker than expected.  It is the strongest rise since April 2012.  Input
prices fell 1.1% on the month, but the year-over-year pace quickened to 12.9%
from a revised 12.4% (was 12.2%).  The Bank of England meets this
week.  It is expected to tolerate upward pressure on prices, though its
tolerance is not infinite.  Base effects and sterling may obfuscate the underlying signal until H2

The news stream in North America will be subdued today, with only import
prices on tap.
  A soft report is
.  Things pick up tomorrow with the retail sales, PPI,
industrial production, and, of course, the FOMC meeting.  


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