Revaluation of the Dollar Continues

Since the US election, the dollar has been on a tear.  Pullbacks have
been brief and shallow.  There are powerful trends in place.  The
euro has fallen nearly five percent over the past ten sessions, during which it
is not closed higher once.  The dollar rose four days this week against
the yen and four days last week.  The dollar has risen a little more than
7% against the yen during this run to reach five-month
highs by approaching JPY111 today.  
US 10-year
yields have fallen once in the past two weeks.
  Above 2.30%, the yield is at its
highest in nearly a year.  The S&P 500 is within 0.3% of its record
high set in mid-August.  The yield on the 10-year German bund has doubled
to 30 bp over the past two weeks.   The 10-year JGB yield finished at two
basis points, which is the highest on a weekly close in nine months. 
Many market
observers are cautioning that investors are getting ahead of themselves.
a Fed rate hike next month has already been discounted.  Like all
politicians, and perhaps even more so given his irreverent campaign, the extent
to which Trump fulfill his campaign promise, is unclear. Moreover, Trump often
was seen campaigning against Republican’s in Congress, many of whom do not
share his commitment to fiscal stimulus.  
These concerns
fail to appreciate the watershed that is taking place. 
 It appears that the three-decade secular decline in
bond yields may be over.  This is
important and has far-reaching implications.  At the very least, we are
experiencing the biggest change in the investment climate since the Great
Financial Crisis. 
On top of this, being bitten by the same dog twice, surprising by the
extent of the seeming nationalist/populist shift;  first in the UK and then in the US,
  investors have turned a jaundiced eye toward Europe
 While the nationalism/populism has altered the course of these two
countries, it may be an acid the dissolves the glue that binds Europe together.
   Italy’s constitutional
referendum and the Austrian presidential election in early December seem to be
appetizers for the main course, the French presidential election in the Spring,
in which the odds of the National Front winning seem to be rising.  
For his part,
Italian Prime Minister Renzi has again renewed this threat to resign if the
referendum loses. 
 He disdains the possibility of
heading a caretaker government, which he says always raises taxes.  The
referendum appears to be losing support, and there is already a discussion of
likely candidates to replace Renzi.  The Cultural Minister Franceschini
and Finance Minister Padoan are being touted.
 Whoever it is would be the fourth unelected Prime Minister.  
Some suspect
Renzi could consider calling for a snap parliamentary election. 
 The problem is that without the referendum being approved, the Italian political system is
in disarray.  Reforms approved earlier this year, change the way the lower
house is elected.  Extra seats are given
to the party/coalition that receives the most votes.  Ostensibly this is
to facilitate stronger governments. The Senate was excluded from the new rules
and was to be reformed (reduced in size and scope) by the referendum.  
Italian bonds
fared better than Spanish and Portuguese bonds this week. 
 The Italian 10-year yield rose three basis points.
 Spain’s rose 12 bp and Portugal more than 22 bp.  In contrast, the
yield on the 10-year bund slipped one or two basis point this week.  On
the other hand, Italian bank shares performed miserably.  The index of
Italian bank shares fell each session this week for a cumulative loss of nearly
11%.  In contrast, the bank sub-index of the Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is set to
eke out a small gain (~0.2%) after gaining 7.5% the previous week.  
The widening of
the premium offered by the US continues to enhance the incentives to be long
  The yield picks up
gained by holding two-year US notes over Germany stands at 167 bp now.  It
is up 15 bp this week and was trading near 145 bp at the start of the month.
 It is the most in several years.  The 10-year premium has risen by
nearly 50 bp since the end of October to just below 300 bp. 
The US two-year
premium over Japan is at 120 bp.
 It is the most in eight years.  It
has increased by 13 bp this month.  The 10-year premium is near 228 bp,
which is 40 bp higher than at the start of the month.  
The Canadian
dollar is the only major currency points to squeeze out a gain against the US dollar this week.
is snapping a three-week decline, and some cross rate plays (in a strong
US dollar period, the Canadian dollar tends to gain on the cross against the
other major currencies).   However, Canada also cannot keep pace with the
backing up of US rates.  The US premium on two-year money increased six
basis points this week to 36 bp, the most in 10 months.  

The euro was
pushed through $1.06 but has stabilized in the European morning.
  It continues to struggle to sustain
even modest upticks.  The next targets are the lows from last year seen in
the $1.0460-$1.0525 area.  At JPY110.35, the greenback retraced half of
this year’s loss against the yen.  The JPY112.45 area corresponds to a retracement objective of the entire slide from last year’s high.  Sterling is
consolidating, with losses against the dollar muted by gains on the crosses.
 Sterling test and held the week’s low near $1.2380.  Sterling has
not traded below its 20-day moving average since 1 November, and it is found near $1.2370.  The Australian
dollar has fallen out of favor.  It was repeatedly turned back from the
$0.7700 area and is finishing the week at its lowest level since June.  It
has lost nearly 2% this week and was sold
through $0.7400.  The $0.7330 area represents a 50% retracement of this
year’s rally off the January low near $0.6830.  


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